Honey bees need trees!
Planting a collection of trees that flower for each month of the bees foraging year provides continuous forage for the bees throughout the year. Start off with Alder which has masses of pollen that is much needed early in the year when the bees are feeding their brood.
Amelanchier which is pretty provides lots of nectar which is collected to make honey stores for winter and then Whitebeam Lime Sweet Chestnut and Pride of India for the summer months.
It is believed that 5 or 6 trees provide more forage for bees than an acre of wildflower meadow. Its so much easier to plant a tree than to try and grow an abundance of flowers. Honey bees also use the sticky resin from buds and trees to produce propolis which varies in composition and colour from colony to colony season to season depending on the sources available.
This sticky resin is metabolised and then used to seal and protect the hive. Propolis has sterile qualities and therefore helps to keep disease and draughts at bay.Detailed below are trees which are beneficial to bees by season.
Autumn: Prunus subhirtella Autumnalis
You can Download this information as a Fact Sheet from the BBKA below.