First described by Carolus Linnaeus in 1753 this pine grows naturally in the alps an Carpathian mountains of central Europe but is comparatively rare and is often out competed by the Norwegian spruce and European larch.
This member of the white pine family is slow to grow but is long lived, growing up to 20m+ so space is required to accommodate it.
The stiff, straight needles are soft to the touch and the violet brown cones usually mature when the tree is around 3 years old and are produced every 2 to 3 years and remain on the tree for several years, these are harvested for the seeds and sold as pine nuts.
The columnare/pyramidal shape will develop into a more flattened crown with age.
Mature height: 20m+
Mature spread: 5-8m